The Executive Architect, Dr. Ed Jackson Jr., discusses the challenges and successes in the planning and design of a national memorial to honor the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a process that took 28 years. Early in the programming phase, it was decided to make the King Memorial a living memorial, and not a monument to an individual (in our history) or to particular events in our past. The memorial had to provide an opportunity to share Dr. King's passion and his conviction and commitment to America and the American Dream. America refers to both a country and a construct (a government of the people, by the people and for the people); both scenarios (America and the American Dream) have yet to fully realize their true potential. The musical artist Bono said it best: "England or Ireland is a country, America is an idea!" The objective was simple--a memorial that could speak to future generations about this "wacky" idea called the America Dream (both literally and metaphorically), about the importance of peace, justice, democracy, hope and love.