The lecture reviews the history of eugenics from its beginnings in Europe and America and its growth as a social movement for the betterment of mankind to its negative result in laws for the coercive sterilization of the poor or feebleminded. Virginia’s role is emphasized through the leadership of the University of Virginia and the Supreme Court case: Buck v. Bell where Justice Holmes said, “Three generations of imbeciles are enough.” Eugenics and immigration laws merged in 1924 when IQ testing validated both. Eugenics declined following the Holocaust. Virginia recently apologized for its role and offered reparations to the victims. The legacy of eugenics will be discussed.